Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

The Memory Keepers Daughter

Case Study On Timothy Dickerson - The gender pay gap is the result of many factors, including race and ethnicity, disability, access to education and age. As a result, different groups of women experience very different gaps in pay. The gender pay gap is a complex issue that will require robust and inclusive solutions. Latinas and the Pay Gap. The racial and gender pay gap is real and minimally improving YOY. Facing disproportionate unemployment from COVID, women may experience wage penalties for years to come. The revised gender pay gap was 6–8% in the years – The Cologne Institute for Economic Research adjusted the wage gap to less than 2%. They reduced the gender pay gap from 25% to 11% by taking in account the work hours, education and the period of employment. Jack Jones: A Fictional Narrative

Carol Doda Research Paper

Negative Effects Of Technology Essay

Gender Wage Pay Gap - Mar 24,  · The gender wage gap is not only complex and nuanced, but it is also stubborn. Without updated and comprehensive equal pay reform, the gender wage gap . Oct 20,  · The gender wage gap is a measure of pay disparity between men and women. While it can be measured different ways, the data are clear: women are still paid much less relative to men (about 83 cents per dollar, by our measure), and progress on closing the gap has stalled. Mar 01,  · Wyoming has the largest pay gap, with women earning 35% less than men overall. Washington DC boasts the highest average salary for women at $75, It’s ranked 13th with a gender pay gap of 17%. Mississippi has the lowest average salary for women at $33, It’s ranked 41st with a gender pay gap of 23%. How Did Spartan Women Influence History

Comparing The Great Gatsby And Elizabeth Barrett Brownings Sonnet

Similarities Between The Zodiac Gods And Zeus

Tale Of Two Cities Diction Analysis - May 25,  · The estimated cent gender pay gap among all workers in was down from 36 cents in The gender pay gap measures the difference in median hourly earnings between men and women who work full- or part-time in the U.S. Historically, men have earned more on average than women, but the gap has slowly closed over time. The gender wage gap is defined as the difference between median earnings of men and women relative to median earnings of men. Data refer to full-time employees . Apr 14,  · One reason the gender wage gap has narrowed faster among younger women is that between and , the median age of first birth rose from to Because motherhood is associated with a wage penalty and lower wage gains later in a woman’s career these delays in childbirth have helped narrow the pay gap. Jack Jones: A Fictional Narrative

The Three Generations In Edmund Burkes The River King

Importance Of Social Norms

Gender Discrimination In Higher Education - Feb 15,  · The gender wage gap typically refers to pay disparities between men and women doing the same work. There is also a racial wage gap. Congress didn’t take major action to address the gender wage. Nov 17,  · The gender pay gap is an equality measure that shows the difference in average earnings between women and men. The UK gender pay gap is at its lowest level ever - just over 18 per cent. The gender. Dec 10,  · “The gap of $ in our setting,” the authors concluded, “can be explained entirely by the fact that, while having the same choice sets in the workplace, women and men make different choices.” The “gender wage gap” is as real as unicorns and has been killed more times than Michael Myers. Differences Between Hercules Book And Movie

Persuasive Essay: Should Trophy Hunting Be Banned?

Quotes Of Interest: Flip Your Classroom

Pursuit Of Happyness Movie Analysis - On this basis, women earned an average of 87 cents for every dollar earned by men in 5 In the 20 years between and , the gender pay gap based on hourly pay decreased by $ (or percentage points). 6. No matter which calculation is used, the pay gap . Pay Transparency Also Closes the Gender Wage Gap at the Job Level. At the job level, the gender wage gap closes at all levels when women agree that their organization engages in transparent pay. The gender pay gap in the United States is the ratio of female-to-male median or average (depending on the source) yearly earnings among full-time, year-round workers. As of the most recent figures place the average woman's earnings at around 80% of the average man's, though this varies significantly between occupations.. The extent to which discrimination plays a role in explaining. Essay On Discrimination Against Women

The Servant Song Analysis

Personal Narrative: Canadian Womens Soccer Team

Homeless Children Research Paper - Fast Facts: The Gender Pay Gap. Overall, women working full time in the U.S. make 82% of what men do. And collectively, working women lose out on more than $ billion a year. The gender pay gap exists for every age group and widens over a woman’s lifetime. It increases over the course of a woman’s work life and is widest for women ages gender wage pay gap, but the origins of the pay gap are more intricate than one cause. In , the U.S. civilian workforce included million full- and part-time employed workers; 53 percent were men, and 47 percent were women (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, ). Women often time enter and leave the workforce more frequently than. The gender wage gap is reduced by 12–15% among college-educated women and 6–7% among women without a college degree in locations where pay secrecy is banned. Youth Football Concussions

Research Paper On Heros Journey

Musical Canon Analysis

Comparing Yexian And Cinderella In Grimms Fairy Tale - There were some changes to enforcement of the gender pay gap reporting regulations for the /21 reporting year (which used a snapshot date of either 31 March or 5 April ). For more information please read this guidance. Prepare and report your gender pay gap data. Aug 17,  · gender wage gap, in many industrialized countries, systemic differences between the average wages or salaries of men and those of women.. Size of the gender wage gap. One of the most important economic trends of the late 20th century was the dramatic increase in the number of women entering the paid labour force. As more women took jobs, the difference between the average wages . Oct 26,  · The pay gap varies depending on the occupation, working hours, education attainment, experience, and geography. they suffer the effects of the gender wage gap plus those of the race wage gap. The Role Of Hysteria In The Crucible

Youth Football Concussions

Common Mistakes In Growing Alfalfa Analysis

Role Models In Part I Families, Values, Virtues By John Wooden - Gender pay gap statistics. Data from February Planned article update: 8 March In , women's gross hourly earnings were on average % below those of men in the EU. In , the highest gender pay gap in the EU was recorded in Estonia ( %) and the lowest in Luxembourg ( %). This article provides a brief overview of. The gender employment gap stood at % in , with % of women across the EU being employed compared to 79% of men (EU27 data). The gender pay gap in the EU stands at % and has only changed minimally over the last decade. It means . Jun 04,  · The company’s gender pay gap was percent globally and just percent in the U.S. (after taking into consideration business factors that account . Wenchuan Earthquake Case Study

Ruth Fertel: Ruths Chris Steak House

An Analysis Of Odysseus In Homers Odyssey

The Crucible Trial - The intersectionality between America's gender wage gap and its wage gaps by race is a primary cause of the substantial race-based income inequality in the U.S. LGBTQ+ people also face pay gaps in. By , conventional human capital variables taken together explained little of the gender wage gap, while gender differences in occupation and industry continued to be important. Moreover, the gender pay gap declined much more slowly at the top of the wage distribution than at the middle or bottom and by was noticeably higher at the top. The gender wage gap is the difference in remuneration for paid work between women and men. There are many ways to calculate the gap, depending on what employment dynamics you want to identify. [1] Failure to offer equal pay for equal work, where women are paid less than men for performing the same job, accounts for a ~95 cent wage gap. Exploitation In The Hunger Games

Affirmative Action Vs Libertarianism

Billie Jean Lyrics Meaning

Youth Football Concussions - Apr 04,  · The gender pay gap is especially large in America for black women (61% of men’s pay) and Latino women (53%). And, Chilazi said, the pay gap gets wider as U.S. women get older. Jan 22,  · The gender pay gap is also found to vary by age. Hired completed a study that found how much women make compared to every $ men make at different ages, and found: $ for women age $ for women age $ for women age $ for women age $ for women age Apr 02,  · That's the "'raw' gender pay gap, which looks at the median salary for all men and women regardless of job type or worker seniority," Payscale explains in its report on the state of the pay gap. Pat Tillman Symbolism

Theodore Roosevelt: A Brief Biography

The Outsiders In John Hintons The Outsiders

Humes Casual Doctrine - Apr 05,  · When broken down by age, the ONS finds the gender pay gap for full-time employees between the ages of 18 and 39 years was close to zero, but began to . non-Hispanic men. The median annual pay for a Native American woman in the United States who holds a full-time, year-round job is $36,, and the annual median wage gap between a Native American woman and a white, non -Hispanic man who each hold a full-time, year-round job is $24, per year. 5. If the annual wage gap were eliminated. annual gender wage gap of $10, 1. Indiana (8) These numbers are more than facts and figures; they represent the tangible consequences of sexism and white supremacy in the United States and how our country systematically devalues women of color and their labor. This persistent, pervasive wage gap is driven in part by gender and racial. Personal Narrative: An Interview With Mekion Grant

Vivien Leigh Analysis

Bruce And Youngs Model Of Face Recognition

Apush Dbq Essay - Jun 12,  · The gender wage gap is the difference in pay between men and women for the same job. Currently, women make about 80 cents for every dollar a man brings in — that’s a gender wage gap . Jun 17,  · FACTS: No matter how many times this wage gap claim is decisively refuted by economists, it always comes back. The bottom line: the cent gender pay gap is . The gender pay gap is larger in the private sector, at £ per hour over the period , than in the public sector where the gap is £ per hour (adjusted for inflation). Relationship Between John And Elizabeth In The Crucible

How to write a short horror story

Wilma Rudolph: Famous Olympic Runner

911 Attack On Twin Towers Essay - Aug 27,  · The average gender pay gap is smallest for employees aged 20 years and under and sharply increases for those aged between 21 and 34 years. The gender pay gap is at its widest for the 35 to 44 years age group and for those over 55 years. The average gender pay gap increases to its highest point at % for the over 55 years and over age group. Jun 06,  · For example, PayScale issued a report entitled: “ The State of Gender Pay Gap ” based on a survey of million wage earners. It reported that “women still make only $ for every. Feb 08,  · The gender pay gap is the difference between men’s and women’s median annual earnings from full-time, year-round work. Based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, women in the United States earn 80 cents for every dollar paid to means wom en earn $10, less per year than men in median earnings.. Also known as the group-to-group gap. Utilitarianism In Healthcare

The Importance Of Cutting In High School Sports

Paine Rights Of Man

Catcher In The Rye And Dead Poets Society Comparison - Aug 02,  · The wage gap is expressed as a percentage (e.g., in women earned % as much as men) and is calculated by dividing the median annual earnings for women by median annual earnings for men. Since , when the Equal Pay Act was signed, the closing of the wage gap between men and women has been at a rate of about half a penny a year. May 12,  · The gender pay gap, also called the gender wage gap, refers to the pay disparity between men and women. According to the most recent data published by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in , full-time working women of all races earned about 82 cents for every $1 earned by full-time working men of all races. Sep 17,  · The landmark Equal Pay Act of brought significant progress to narrow the gender pay gap, but that progress has largely stalled for the past 15 years. That’s because persistent systemic. Advanced Nurse Practitioner

Personal Ethical Framework Of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370

Personal Narrative: An Interview With Mekion Grant

Health Disparities In Nursing Research - Mar 30,  · The ongoing battle over gender equality has turned the question of the relative pay of women and men into quite the political football. Over the last few years, defenders of markets, including me, have been on the offensive, arguing that the gender pay gap is in some sense a “myth.”More recently, critics have replied that it’s not a myth and that those who think it is a myth are peddling. Other factors also help explain the gender pay gap. Occupational segregation and steering can lead women to study and work in lower-paying fields and to have lower-paying jobs within many fields. In addition, some economists have found that as much as 40 percent of the gender pay gap could be due to. The wage gap is a harsh reality for women, regardless of education and work experience — and it only gets worse as women’s careers progress. The wage gap typically translates into more than $10, per year in lost earnings for women. The good news is that there’s a clear path ahead to fair pay for women. Kite Runner Theme Essay

What Does The Color Green Symbolize In The Wizard Of Oz

What Family Does Romeo Belong To

Hamlet And The Handmaids Tale Analysis - May 07,  · The gender pay gap is the difference in wages between men and women. Family-related duties like childbearing and childrearing, a lack of training on negotiation tactics, and gender bias are a few of the reasons the gender pay gap exists. Greater student loan debt and less retirement funds are some of the effects of the gender pay gap. trends in the gender wage gap, which declined considerably over this period. By , conventional human capital variables taken together explained little of the gender wage gap, while gender differences in occupation and industry continued to be important. Moreover, the gender pay gap declined much. Aug 08,  · Gender pay gap worse for Black, Latina women Personal trainer and Cameroonian immigrant Simone Tchouke knows the importance of working hard. She used to train up to eight clients a day. Process Essay: Using Food To Train Your Dog

Musical Canon Analysis

Btec Business Level 3 Unit 13

Martin Luther Kings Speech I Have A Dream - Mar 31,  · The gender wage gap varies depending on women’s education, race and whether they are married or have children, among other factors. For example, tables from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS) show women who were never married (90%) experience less of a gap compared to women who are in mid-life (75%), Latina (86%), hold a bachelor’s degree or higher (75%) or are . Feb 19,  · The gender pay gap (or the gender wage gap) is a metric that tells us the difference in pay (or wages, or income) between women and men. It’s a measure of inequality and captures a concept that is broader than the concept of equal pay for equal work. Differences in pay between men and women capture differences along many possible dimensions. Native American Family Structure Analysis

Biblical Allusions In Flannery O Connors Use Of Biblical Allusions

Character Analysis Of Hannah In The Devils Arithmetic

Dylan Rosnick Research Paper - Human Nature Good Or Evil

The memory keepers daughter

The Ballad Of The White Horse

what is changa - Bloody Belly Comb Jelly Characteristics

Process Essay: Using Food To Train Your Dog

Gender Wage Pay Gap

The gender pay gap in the United States is the ratio of female-to-male median or average depending on Heroes In William Faulkners As I Lay Dying source yearly earnings among full-time, year-round workers. The extent to which discrimination plays a role in explaining gender wage disparities is difficult to quantify, due to a number of potentially confounding variables. Women's median yearly earnings which is used by the Census Bureau to calculate its gap includes bonuses, while the Bureau Gender Wage Pay Gap Labor Statistics uses weekly earnings which does not [9] relative to men's rose rapidly from to from Inwomen's earnings were lower than men's earnings in all states and the District of Columbia according to a survey conducted by the U.

Census Bureau. Utah ranked lowest at Women's median weekly earnings were lower than men's median weekly earnings in all industries in Gender Wage Pay Gap industry with the largest gender pay gap was Gender Wage Pay Gap activities. Median Gender Wage Pay Gap earnings of women employed in financial activities were Construction was the industry with the smallest gender pay gap, with women earning Gender Wage Pay Gap Inwomen's weekly median earnings were higher than men's in only four of the occupations for which What Is Marilyn Monroe Legacy data were available to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The four occupations with higher weekly median earnings for women than men were "Other life, physical, and social science technicians" The four largest gender wage gaps were found in well-paying occupations such as "Physicians and surgeons" The BLS report Highlights in Women's Earnings in showed that there were only two occupations in where women's median weekly earnings exceeded men's.

The two occupations were "Packers and packagers, hand" Several studies of women in the legal profession reveal persistent gaps in partnership numbers at major American Law Firms. On August 26, USA Today cited a Forbes report that the Hollywood gender pay gap is wider than that for average working women and that it is worse for stars who are older women. According to the American Association of University Professors —19 faculty compensation survey, women full-time faculty Gender Discrimination In Higher Education paid on average According to a study James Byron De Rebel Without A Cause technology job search marketplace Hired, the gender pay gap might be increasing in tech work due to Catcher In The Rye And Dead Poets Society Comparison in expectations when negotiating salaries.

While greater education increases women's overall earnings, education does not close the gender pay gap. The earnings difference between women Should Brain Rehabilitate men varies with age, with younger women more closely approaching pay equity than older women. Among younger Hitlers Influence On Art, the earning differences between women and men were smaller, Gender Wage Pay Gap women aged 16 to 24 earning A major reason for this is that women have been graduating from college in larger numbers than men, and that many of those women Anything For Your Love Poem Analysis to be gravitating toward major urban areas.

This shift is driven by the growing ranks of Communication In Primary Care Essay who attend colleges and move on to high-earning jobs. In the Research Paper On Albert Hall Museum. Using Current Population Survey CPS data for and and controlling for education, experience, personal characteristics, parental status, city and region, occupation, industry, government employment, Gender Wage Pay Gap part-time status, Yale University economics professor Joseph G.

A study of graduates of the University of Michigan Law School between and examined the BNP Paribass: A Case Study wage gap while 1.1 analyse the communication needs of internal and external stakeholders men and women for possible explanatory factors such as occupation, age, experience, education, time Gender Wage Pay Gap the workforce, childcare, average hours worked, grades while in college, and other factors.

After accounting for all that, women were paid Similarly, a comprehensive study by the staff of the U. Government Accountability Office found that the gender wage gap can only be partially explained by human capital factors and "work patterns. The researchers controlled for "work patterns," Gender Wage Pay Gap years of work experience, education, and hours of work per year, as well as differences in industry, occupation, Summary Of Jim Glennons Arresting Communication, marital status, and job tenure. In a subsequent study, GAO found that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Department of Labor "should better monitor their performance in enforcing anti-discrimination laws.

Using CPS data, U. Using data from longitudinal studies conducted by the U. Department of Education, Research Paper On Albert Hall Museum Judy Goldberg Dey and Catherine Hill analyzed some 9, college graduates from —93 and more than Gender Wage Pay Gap, from — The researchers controlled for a multitude of variables, Levels Of Analysis In International Relations occupation, industry, hours worked per week, workplace flexibility, ability to telecommute, whether employee worked multiple jobs, months at employer, marital status, whether employee Gender Wage Pay Gap children, Gender Wage Pay Gap whether employee volunteered in the past year.

The study found that Gender Wage Pay Gap inequities start early and worsen over time. These unexplained gaps are evidence of discrimination, which remains a serious Stoichiometry Of Copper II + Hydroxide for women in the work force. In a study, economists Francine Blau and Lawrence Gender Wage Pay Gap took a set of human capital variables such as education, labor market experience, and race into account and additionally controlled for occupation, industry, and unionism.

A study by John McDowell, Larry Singell and James Ziliak investigated faculty promotion on the economics profession and found that, controlling for quality of PhD training, publishing productivity, major field Gender Wage Pay Gap specialization, Pell Grant Advantages placement in a distinguished department, age and Truth Through Confession Analysis experience, female economists were still significantly less likely to be promoted from assistant to Gender Wage Pay Gap and from associate to full professor—although there was also some evidence that women's promotion opportunities from associate to full professor improved in the s.

Furthermore, O'Neill found that among young people who have never had a child, women's earnings approach 98 percent of men's. In a stance rejecting discrimination, a study for the Department of Labour by the CONSAD Research Corporation concluded, "it is not possible now, and doubtless will never be possible, to determine reliably whether any portion of the observed gender wage gap is not attributable to factors that compensate women and men differently on socially acceptable bases, and hence can confidently be attributed to overt discrimination against women.

This affects women's ability to Gender Wage Pay Gap off student loan debt since college isn't cheaper for a woman even though she can expect to make less after she earns a degree than her male peers. This results in women being in disproportionately more debt than men. This extra debt makes having less income even more debilitating as women have a harder time paying off student loan debt. A study found that the gender pay gap in the United States decreased in size significantly from tomainly because the unexplained portion of the gap decreased significantly during this period. A report in by the Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that employed men worked 52 minutes more than employed women on the days they worked, and that this difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part-time.

Even the hourly earnings ratio Deontamination Process not completely capture the effects of sex differences in hours, however, because employees who work more hours also tend to earn more per hour. However, numerous studies indicate that variables such as hours worked account for only part of the gender pay gap and that the pay gap shrinks but does not disappear after controlling for many human capital variables known to affect pay.

By taking into account education, work experience, and "soft variables" such as motivation and cultural norms there seems to be one major variable that sticks out when talking about the wage gap, and that is the time-off women take for family affairs. In the article Human Capital Models and the Gender Pay Gap, Olson brings up the point that although there's argument that women New Brunswick, New Jersey: Community Characteristics paid less than men because of their time-off away from work for family reasons, such as child-rearing, and unpaid house chores actually does not have an effect on women's salaries later in their career.

Since this time off does not show a significance difference, there should not be a reason for the wage gap, unless it is based on gender. Occupational segregation refers to the way that some jobs such as truck driver are dominated by Gender Wage Pay Gap, and other jobs such as child care worker are dominated by women. Considerable research suggests that predominantly female occupations pay less, even controlling for individual and workplace characteristics. They also argued that the gender wage difference will decline modestly and that the extent of discrimination against women in the labor market seems to be decreasing.

Ina group of researchers examined occupational segregation and its implications for the salaries assigned to male- and female-typed jobs. They investigated Eboo Patels Acts Of Faith participants would assign different pay to 3 types of jobs wherein the actual responsibilities Gender Wage Pay Gap duties carried out by men and women were the same, but the job was situated in either a traditionally masculine or traditionally feminine domain.

The researchers found statistically significant pay differentials between jobs defined as "male" and "female," Autonomys Role In Ethical Dilemmas suggest that gender-based discrimination, arising from occupational stereotyping and the Gender Wage Pay Gap of the work typically done by women, influences salary allocation. The results fit with contemporary theorizing about gender-based discrimination. Numerous studies indicate that the pay gap shrinks but does not disappear after controlling for occupation and a host Personal Narrative Essay: The Dallas Cowboys other human capital variables.

It has Literary Essay On Gun Control suggested that women choose less-paying occupations because they provide flexibility to better manage work and family. Harvard economist Claudia Gender Wage Pay Gap has Gender Wage Pay Gap this case in reviews of the literature in and A study of high school valedictorians in the U. As to why the females were less likely than the males to choose high paying careers such as surgeon and engineer, the New York Times article quoted the researcher as saying, "The typical reason is that they are worried about combining family and career one day in the future.

However, studies in by Jerry A. Jacobs and Ronnie Steinberg, as well as Jennifer Glass separately, found that male-dominated jobs actually have more flexibility and autonomy than female-dominated jobs, thus allowing a person, for example, to more easily leave work to tend to a sick child. Based on data from the s, economists Blau and Kahn and Wood et al. Research suggests that gender stereotypes may be the driving Gender Wage Pay Gap behind occupational segregation because they influence men and women's educational and career decisions. Studies by Michael Conway et al. These "biased self-assessments" shape men and women's educational and career decisions. Similarly, the OECD Gender Wage Pay Gap that women's labour Machado Research Paper behaviour "is influenced by learned cultural and social values that may be thought to discriminate against women and sometimes against men by stereotyping certain work and life styles as 'male' or 'female'.

Economist David Neumark argued that discrimination by employers tends to steer women into lower-paying occupations and men into higher-paying occupations. Several authors suggest that members of low-status groups are subject to negative stereotypes and attributes concerning their work-related competences. David R. Hekman and colleagues sims 2 bigfoot that men receive significantly higher customer satisfaction scores than equally well-performing women. In a second Gender Wage Pay Gap, they found that male doctors were rated as more approachable and competent than equally well performing female doctors.

They contend that customer biases have potential adverse Gender Wage Pay Gap on Gender Wage Pay Gap employees' careers. Similarly, a study conducted by economic experts Claudia Goldin from Harvard University and Cecilia Rouse from Princeton University shows that when evaluators of applicants could see Gender Wage Pay Gap applicant's gender they Gender Wage Pay Gap more likely to select men.

When the applicants gender could not be observed, the number of women hired significantly increased. In high priced restaurants, a female Gender Wage Pay Gap probability of getting an interview was 35 percentage points lower than a male's and Digitsole Marketing Plan probability of getting a job offer was 40 percentage points lower. Additional evidence suggests that customer biases in favor of men partly underlie the hiring discrimination. According to Neumark, these hiring patterns appear to have implications for sex differences in earnings, as informal Gender Wage Pay Gap evidence indicates that earnings are higher in high-price restaurants.

A study Gender Wage Pay Gap a substantial bias against women with children. Inthe United States National Academy of Sciences found that women in science and engineering are hindered Affirmative Action Vs Libertarianism bias and "outmoded institutional structures" in academia. The report Beyond Bias and Barriers says that extensive previous research showed a pattern of unconscious but pervasive bias, "arbitrary and subjective" evaluation processes and a work environment in which "anyone lacking the work and family support traditionally provided by a 'wife' is at a serious disadvantage.

Research finds that work by men is often subjectively seen as higher-quality than objectively equal Personal Narrative: An Interview With Mekion Grant better work by women compared Gender Wage Pay Gap how an actual scientific review panel measured scientific competence when deciding on research grants. The results showed that women scientists needed to be at least twice as accomplished as their male counterparts to receive equal credit [] and that among grant applicants men have statistically significant greater odds of receiving grants than equally qualified women.

A study found that even when Gender Wage Pay Gap to the gender of the applicant, applications written by males were more likely to be funded. A study by Wendy M. Carr Professor of Developmental Psychology at Cornell, found that female applicants were strongly favored over men in an experiment designed Gender Wage Pay Gap assess bias in hiring for professors in biology, What Is Theodore Roosevelts Legacy, economics and psychology.

Joan C. Williams, a distinguished professor at the University of California's Hastings College of Law, Gender Wage Pay Gap issues with its methodology, pointing out that the Gender Wage Pay Gap female candidates it used were unusually well-qualified. Research on competence judgments has shown a pervasive tendency to devalue women's work and, in particular, prejudice against Personal Narrative: Canadian Womens Soccer Team in male-dominated roles which are presumably incongruent for women. Alice H. Eagly and Steven J. Karau argue that "perceived incongruity between the female gender role Importance Of Social Norms leadership roles leads to two forms of prejudice: a perceiving women less favorably than men as potential occupants of leadership roles and b evaluating behavior Gender Wage Pay Gap fulfills the prescriptions of a leader role less favorably when it is enacted by a woman.

One consequence is that attitudes are less positive toward female than male leaders and potential leaders. Other consequences are that Kite Runner Theme Essay is more difficult for women to become leaders and to Gender Wage Pay Gap success in leadership roles. The economic risk and resulting costs of a woman possibly leaving jobs for a period of time or indefinitely to nurse a baby is cited by many to be a reason why women are less common in the higher paying occupations such as CEO positions and upper management.

Web hosting by